Why are New York City's public benches so uncomfortable? Why are large concrete planters at the bottom of stair railings? The answer may seem obvious, but in this short informative video from Vox, see how defensive design is implemented in New York City to control behavior through these, and other clever ways.
When designing urban spaces, city planners have many competing interests to balance. After all, cities are some of the most diverse places on the planet. They need to be built for a variety of needs. In recent years, these competing interests have surfaced conflict over an unlikely interest: purposefully uncomfortable benches. Enter the New York City MTA. They’ve installed 'leaning bars’ to supplement traditional benches & save platform space. But designs like this carry an often invisible cost: they rob citizens of hospitable public space. And the people who experience this cost most directly are those experiencing homelessness.
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