The New York colony was established in 1664 and the port became a bustling entry point. In 1694, after a storm prevented ships from accessing the harbor, the colony passed a bill appointing the first pilots “who shall continuously attend at some convenient place near the Hook with a boat to give all aid and assistance to all vessels bound for this Port which they are oblig’d to pilot,” the law said. The pilots were local seamen, unaccredited except for their expertise of the port and its waterways. After independence, the first New York state-licensed Sandy Hook pilot was named in 1794.
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